The Coal Mining Museum
Upper Silesia has always been known as a heavy-industry area, and above all as the coalfield. Exploitation of this precious fuel from over 200 years has brought about rapid development and urbanization of this land. Zabrze is one of the towns which owe its civilization promotion to coal-mining. The first coal mine came into being here already in 1791, and after the II World War the town was even given the title of "the capital of Polish mining industry". It is thus not a coincidence that the Coal-Mining Museum founded in 1981 was located just there – initially as the only, this branch state museum in Poland, and from 1999 as the post of the local autonomic Silesian Voivodeship.